Sunday, July 9, 2017

Industrial Dampers and Drives

Round dampers with pneumatic vane type drives
Round dampers with
pneumatic vane type drives.

By definition, a damper is a device used to control pressure, flow, or flow direction in an air or gas system. Different types of dampers can be used, depending on specific functional requirements. Table 5.7 below lists the types of dampers and their functions, and Table 5.8 lists the damper configurations. Selection of the proper damper type and blade configuration is important to achieve the required damper performance. The type and configuration of damper can significantly impact pressure drop, leakage rates, and controllability.
dampers by function
Click table for larger view.

dampers by type
Click table for larger view.

pneumatic vane damper drive
Pneumatic vane damper drive.
A very important part of damper design is determination of damper torque and sizing and selection of damper actuator for the maximum torque. Actuator torque should be selected for a minimum of 1.5 times the damper maximum torque to provide margin and allow for degradation over the life of the damper. Actuators should be evaluated for damper blade movement in both directions, at the beginning of blade movement, and while stroking blades through the full cycle of movement.

Damper operators can be one of three types: pneumatic, electric, or electro-hydraulic, as described below.
  1. Pneumatic. These damper operators are used whenever controls rely primarily on compressed air (pneumatic) for moving operators or transmitting control signals.
  2. Electric. These damper operators are used whenever controls rely primarily on low voltage electric circuits to transmit control signals.
  3. Electrohydraulic. These damper operators are the same as the electric type described above, except they have the ability to modulate. They use an electric control signal to position a hydraulic system that, in turn, positions the damper.
Electrically operated damper drives have historically been favored, but the shift to retro-fit electric drives with pneumatic damper drives has been significant in the last two decades. When pneumatic vane actuators were first introduced for damper drive service, their virtues were quickly discovered. Their inherent design and operating advantages apply perfectly for precise damper control. These design and operating advantages are:
  • Damper drives on round dampers.
  • Precise, smooth signal to movement response.
  • 100 percent duty cycle.
  • Continuous modulating service.
  • No overheating.
  • High speed/high-torque.
  • Fast full stroke open/close.
  • Very easily serviced.
  • Excels in harsh, high-temperature operating environments.
  • Effectively zero air consumption in resting state.
For more information on any damper drive application, contact Kinetrol USA at 972-447-9443 or visit